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ERIC Number: ED215760
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Does Competition Destroy Self-Concept?
Barr-Johnson, Virginia; Erwin, Tina
To explore the effects of competition in a state fair art show on high school art students' self-concepts, three hypotheses were investigated. It was expected that (1) a significant majority of students entering the art competition would have an internal locus of control; (2) students who were characterized by an internal locus of control would primarily attribute the outcome of the contest to specific internal causes; and (3) students who entered the art competition and who were external in locus of control, regardless of acceptance or rejection, would primarily attribute the outcome to specific external causes. As a pretest, students were administered the Trent Attribution Profile (TAP), a measure providing internality scores under success and failure conditions. The independent or experimental variable was the competitive art event. The dependent variable was perceived in terms of the entrants' scores on the Gill and Cross Attribution Questionnaire -- a measure of locus of control similar to the TAP. Hypotheses 1 and 2 were confirmed: a significant majority of students entering the art competition were characterized as internal in locus of control and these students attributed acceptance or rejection of their work to specific internal causes. Hypothesis 3 was not justified, for only one student was involved in this group. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A