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ERIC Number: ED215755
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Apr
Pages: 25
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Character-Gender in Children's Stories and Listening Recall.
Goodhue, Tom
The purpose of this study was to determine if young children recall stories with both male and female characters as well as they recall stories with only male or only female characters. The sample included boys and girls ages 3 to 5 from lower-class through upper-middle class backgrounds. It was hypothesized that boys would better recall stories with male characters and stories with both male and female characters than they would recall stories with female characters. The same outcome was hypothesized for the girls. It was further hypothesized that there would be no significant difference between the recall of stories with characters of the same sex and the recall of stories with both male and female characters. Three versions of four stories were told to 72 urban nursery-kindergarten students in mixed-sex classes. In one version of the stories all characters were male, in a second all were female, and in a third there were both male and female characters who participated equally in the action of the story. After telling each story to the class as a whole, children were individually asked six questions about the story. Results contradict the widespread belief that girls are interested in stories about boys but boys are not interested in stories about girls. Suggestions for further research are offered. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A