ERIC Number: ED215628
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Feb
The Classroom Climate: A Chilly One for Women?
Hall, Roberta M.; Sandler, Bernice R.
The subtle or overt ways in which women and men students are often treated differently are discussed, and actions that can be taken to create a learning climate that fosters the intellectual growth of all students are identified. Information was obtained from several kinds of sources, including empirical studies of postsecondary and other classrooms, reports and surveys, and responses to requests for information. Topics include the following: how a "chilly" climate for women affects all students and can interfere with the educational process; devaluation and the postsecondary learning climate; experiences in early schooling; experiences in society and everyday inequities; everyday inequities in the postsecondary setting and in individual student-teacher interchange; the power of words and the classroom's silent language; everyday inequities in talk that may be carried into the classroom; ways of conducting discussion that can discourage women students; groups of women who may be especially affected, including women graduate students, women in traditionally "masculine" fields, women minority students, and older women students. Policy and general recommendations are offered along with recommendations for the following parties: presidents, deans, department chairs, student affairs personnel, faculty, women students and special groups of women students, and professional associations and organizations. Recommendations regarding curriculum, promotion of institutional research, faculty development programs, and classroom climate issues are also presented. A selected list of areas for further research, a student-faculty communication checklist, and a student perception questionnaire are appended. (SW)
Descriptors: Change Strategies, Classroom Communication, Classroom Environment, College Faculty, College Students, Educational Policy, Females, Higher Education, Males, Questionnaires, Sex Bias, Sex Discrimination, Sex Stereotypes, Student Attitudes, Student Teacher Relationship, Teacher Attitudes
Project on the Status and Education of Women, Association of American Colleges, 1818 R Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20009 ($3.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Opinion Papers; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Association of American Colleges, Washington, DC. Project on the Status and Education of Women.