ERIC Number: ED215442
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
The Applicability of Organizational Effectiveness Models for School Systems. Final Report.
Bernardin, H. John; And Others
Researchers review the theoretical and empirical literature to investigate how models of organizational effectiveness can be applied to the study of school effectiveness in public elementary and secondary education. The authors consider nine models grouped into two sets: goal-centered models and systems-oriented models. The goal-centered group comprises the rational-goal, management-by-objectives, functional, and cost-benefit models. The systems-oriented concepts include the systems-resources, functional-structural, managerial process, organizational development, and Likert-ISR models. The authors discuss each model's applicability to education, problems in applying the model, and the outcome variables the model uses to measure school effectiveness. Four problems in the models are identified: (1) preoccupation with outcome instead of process variables, (2) use of deficient criteria of effectiveness, (3) lack of empirical support, and (4) lack of clarity regarding major variables. The authors propose a process-based model of effectiveness that includes variables related to organizational climate and human resources. After discussing past research designs for investigating school effectiveness, they suggest a research design that considers issues of data aggregation, sample size, and the validity of outcome criteria. (Author/RW)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg.