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ERIC Number: ED215337
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1982-Mar
Pages: 9
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Category Priming in the Lexical Decision Task and Evidence of Repetition Effects.
Sanza, James
Semantic priming is the process by which a subject performing a lexical decision task is prepared for a target word through the presentation of a semantically related word. Repetition of a given word at specific intervals is one form of priming that has been shown to reduce subject reaction time in word recognition tasks. A study was conducted to explore repetition as a form of priming and to determine whether it affects the same stage of lexical processing as does semantic priming. Subjects were 52 native English speaking adults who were instructed to concentrate on making rapid lexical decision responses by pressing appropriate keys as they looked into a three-field tachistoscope. The subjects were told to expect to see a fixation guide on the first field, followed by a word that might help them make their responses to the letter string that would appear in the third field. They were also told that on some trials they would not be given a priming word prior to the letter string, but would instead see a row of X's, which were intended as neutral primes. Results showed that items that had been presented once with a prime and later without a prime were responded to as rapidly as when they were primed, indicating that a repetition effect had occurred. Overall results indicated that priming and repetition affected a common processing stage, that of memory retrieval. (FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A