ERIC Number: ED215319
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: N/A
Enhancing Word Recognition Skills Among Learning Disabled Children by Means of Self-Instructional Training.
Bommarito, James W.; Leon, James A.
A study investigated the effectiveness of self-instructional strategies in enhancing the word recognition skills of learning disabled elementary school children. Subjects were 30 students in learning disabilities resource rooms whose word recognition skills were at least one year below expectancy, as measured by a standardized reading test, and whose IQs were average. The students were randomly assigned to either a control group or an experimental group. Materials used with the experimental group incorporated components of D. Meichenbaum's self-instructional approach, as well as elements derived from psycholinguistic theory and research that emphasize a simultaneous multilevel skill approach to the teaching of reading and instructional approaches facilitating the development of strategies by children for discovering invariant structures or generalizations relating to phonological, syntactic, and semantic information. All students were administered a measure of word recognition skills, an informal reading inventory, and a reading comprehension measure as pretests and posttests. Results showed that students in the experimental group performed better than control group students on measures of word recognition and on the informal reading inventory. There was, however, no significant difference in the performance of the two groups on the reading comprehension measure. (FL)
Descriptors: Autoinstructional Aids, Cognitive Processes, Elementary Education, Individualized Instruction, Learning Disabilities, Learning Theories, Programed Instructional Materials, Psycholinguistics, Reading Achievement, Reading Comprehension, Reading Difficulties, Reading Instruction, Reading Research, Special Education, Teaching Methods, Word Recognition
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A