ERIC Number: ED215308
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1982-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Cognition: A Functional View.
Iran-Nejad, Asghar; Ortony, Andrew
Proposing a shift in the locus of theoretical analysis of cognition, this paper argues that cognitive functioning may be more readily characterized without the mediation of long-term mental associations and structure. An account of cognition is proposed in which mental relations are transient functional relations, and in which psychological permanence is a functional characteristic of the neuronal system, making cognition a "psychobiological" phenomenon. The literature relevant to this psychobiological character of cognition is discussed, and the central concept in this approach to cognition--the schema-of-the-moment--is examined, emphasizing a functional organization created by the activity of anatomically distributed constellations of neuronal elements. Comprehension, remembering, learning, awareness, and affect also are discussed briefly in terms of this active neuronal schema-of-the-moment and the direct role of the nervous system in cognitive functioning. (Author/RL)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Academy of Education, Washington, DC.; National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Urbana. Center for the Study of Reading.; Bolt, Beranek and Newman, Inc., Cambridge, MA.