ERIC Number: ED215291
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Television Viewing and Reading Achievement of Seventh and Eighth Graders.
Degrosky, Deborah S.
Data were collected from 123 seventh and eighth grade students to examine the relationship between the quality of television viewing time and reading achievement, age, grade, sex, socioeconomic status (SES), and intelligence quotient (IQ). Highlights of the data analyses include the following: (1) The mean weekly viewing time for the subjects was 17.45 hours per week. (2) Viewing time ranged from over 34% for situation comedies to less than 1% for documentaries. (3) On a scale of 1-4 (low to high), the overall quality of viewing time for all the subjects was 1.82. (4) Boys spent significantly more time viewing news and sports programs and programs rated higher in quality. (5) Girls spent significantly more time watching music/variety programs. (6) Eighth grade students scored significantly higher on the reading test and came from homes significantly higher in SES than seventh grade students. (7) Seventh grade students spent significantly more time watching game shows and cartoon/fantasy programs than did eighth grade students. (8) Analysis of the statistically significant correlations involving grade level and subject sex accounted for only a very small percentage of the variance. (9) Quality of television viewing time had a statistically significant relationship to sex and reading test score. And (10) reading test score was significantly related to IQ, grade level, and quality of television viewing. (Author/RL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Dissertations/Theses - Masters Theses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: M. Ed. Thesis, Rutgers The State University of New Jersey.