ERIC Number: ED215287
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: N/A
Work and Retirement.
Foner, Anne; Schwab, Karen
Much research data are available on work and retirement which discounts the image of retirement as an affliction imposed on older workers. These findings indicate that increasing numbers of workers choose to retire before any mandatory age, few wish to return to work, and most are content with their retirement lives; however, negative views about retirement and about older workers persist. The failure of gerontological, psychological, and sociological theories to consider the impact of social forces and dynamic age-related processes on older people has helped to perpetuate misconceptions of retirement and the capabilities of older workers. Changes in the social context of retirees include increased acceptance of the retirement role, the definition of retirement as a right, and the presence of greater numbers of retirees. These factors, together with material and social supports, have eased the worker's transition to retirement. Other processes associated with aging also reduce stress and help in coping with retirement, including lowering expectations, reevaluating rewards, and maintaining activities outside of work. Future policymakers must examine societal changes and personal characteristics of potential retirees in order to construct viable policies. (NRB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. on Aging (DHHS/PHS), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: White House Conference on Aging, Washington, DC.