ERIC Number: ED215232
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: N/A
Youth Opportunity Wage Act of 1981. Hearings before the Subcommittee on Labor of the Committee on Labor and Human Resources, United States Senate. Ninety-Seventh Congress, First Session on S.348 (March 24-25).
Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources.
This document contains transcripts of United States Senate hearings of March, 1981, on the Youth Opportunity Wage Act of 1981. The proposed Act would set a lower minimum wage for work performed by youth under the age of 20; and extend the allowable lower wages to be paid in other industries besides the food service and retail industries where they are now legal under certain circumstances. Testimony and statements were given by Senators, union representatives, representatives of minority advocacy groups, and representatives of various business and retail industry groups. All those testifying expressed concern over the impact of teenage unemployment, but held varying views on whether a lower minimum wage for teenagers would alleviate the problem. Proponents of the proposed legislation testified that it would create thousands of jobs for unskilled young people who are now priced out of the job market by increases in the minimum wage. They said that these youths' skills are just not worth the minimum wage to employers, but if the minimum were lowered, employers would be able to hire more youths rather than doing without this marginal labor. Opponents of the bill contended that a subminimum wage would benefit fast food chains and other major employers of young people while thousands of adult workers, who make up 70 percent of the minimum-wage work force, would be displaced by youths earning lower wages. In addition, opponents of the bill argued that the country has a moral obligation to maintain a living wage for its workers. (Prepared statements are included in the document.) (KC)
Publication Type: Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources.