ERIC Number: ED215192
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Jul
Training Migrant and Seasonal Farmworkers for Energy-Related Occupations.
The United States Departments of Energy (DOE) and Labor (DOL) have cosponsored a number of demonstration programs to train economically disadvantaged migrant and seasonal farmworkers for energy-related technical and skilled occupations. A descriptive study of the first DOE/DOL demonstration was made to determine the impact of training on participants' subsequent labor force activity and the effectiveness of the program in meeting the needs of this target group. Analysis of participants' employment and wage rates before and after training indicated favorable outcomes--both wages and the number employed increased significantly. Wages after training were approximately double those before training, with women, nonwhites, and high school graduates reporting the largest increases. The data on farmworkers, compared to those of clients enrolled in Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA) programs, showed the farmworkers to have employment status gains similar to CETA clients enrolled in vocational training nationally, but lower than other CETA participants enrolled in energy-related programs. Farmworkers' wage gains were significantly greater than those reported by CETA groups. Apparent key factors contributing to the success of the program include the farmworkers' desire to leave agricultural labor, their willingness to relocate to accept employment, the existing network of employers developed by the training program, and the program's ability to provide needed supportive services. The findings of this study support other research which has demonstrated that skill training, in contrast to public jobs programs, can provide farmworkers with a more permanent solution to under- and unemployment. (Author/KC)
Descriptors: Adults, Agricultural Laborers, Demonstration Programs, Employment Programs, Energy, Farm Labor, Federal Programs, Females, Job Skills, Job Training, Migrant Adult Education, Migrant Programs, Migrant Workers, Minority Groups, Outcomes of Education, Program Effectiveness, Seasonal Laborers, Skilled Occupations, Technical Occupations, Underemployment, Unemployment, Wages
National Technical Information Service, U.S. Department of Commerce, Springfield, VA 22161.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Energy, Washington, DC.; Department of Labor, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Oak Ridge Associated Universities, TN. Manpower Development Div.