ERIC Number: ED215169
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: N/A
Equity from an Anthropological Perspective. Research and Development Series No. 214M.
This paper focuses on issues related to the cultural aspects of sex equity and schooling in American society. It begins with a framework of assumptions that relate the discipline of anthropology to concepts of equity. Education or schooling is discussed as a special form of socialization, and four operational elements are cited that are displayed in equitable schooling: access; treatment; allocation of resources; and awareness, evaluation, and program correction. A review is provided of the literature of occupational choice in American culture, occupational socialization (effects of different socializing influences on occupational preferences, including influences of parents, peers, television, school books, teachers and counselors), and programs of nontraditional vocational training. A developmental model is provided for a set equity program that includes these stages: awareness, analysis, access and action, affirmation and allocation of resources, and acceptance. These recommendations for promoting equity are made: intensified research by social scientists, monitoring systems at state and local levels, development of decisions models for a continuum of equity from school to workplace, and policy decisions and actions based on research data indicating that sex-role socialization takes place early in life. (YLB)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Anthropology, Career Choice, Cultural Influences, Educational Anthropology, Equal Education, Nontraditional Occupations, Postsecondary Education, Secondary Education, Sex Fairness, Sex Role, Social Science Research, Socialization, Vocational Education
The National Center for Research in Vocational Education, National Center Publications, Box F, 1960 Kenny Rd., Columbus, OH 43210 (RD214M, $2.35; set of 17 papers, RD214, $30.00; Equity in Vocational Education, RD213, $5.50. Quantity discounts available).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.