ERIC Number: ED215168
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: 0
Equity from the Sociologist's Perspective. Research and Development Series No. 214L.
Salomone, Jerome J.
Of all the special fields of inquiry within sociology, the one which most directly and intensively examines inequality is social stratification. The cause, nature, and personal and social consequences of inequality are its proper objects of study. Study of equality is embroiled in a continuing controversy among conservative (functionalist tradition) and radical (dialectical or conflict tradition) theorists. Functionalists take inequality as a necessary "given" in society; radical theorists see inequality as a social illness that requires treatment. America is not committed to the principles of social and economic equality in theory or practice. Equality of opportunity is endorsed in principle but not in practice. Here equity, rather than equality, becomes an issue, and with more equity comes less equality. Women who are entering the labor force in increasing numbers are handicapped by occupational sex typing. Encounters of women in the labor force are a picture of gains and losses--gains with respect to entrance into it and losses in kinds of work and monetary benefits relative to men. Occupational imbalances remain but are gradually diminishing. Vocational education can promote more equality by developing a personal values system for students and avoiding sex typing. (YLB)
Descriptors: Employed Women, Equal Education, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Females, Group Status, Sex Discrimination, Sex Fairness, Sex Stereotypes, Social Stratification, Sociology, Vocational Education
The National Center for Research in Vocational Education, National Center Publications, Box F, 1960 Kenny Rd., Columbus, OH 43210 (RD214L, $2.35; set of 17 papers, RD214, $30.00; Equity in Vocational Education, RD213, $5.50. Quantity discounts available).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.
Note: For related documents see CE 031 915-932.