ERIC Number: ED215158
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: 0
Equity from an Economic Perspective. Research and Development Series No. 214B.
Although the distribution of income has become more equitable for some groups, inequitable distribution has affected the poor, minorities, and women most adversely. Income inequality and poverty may be attributed to ability differences, education and training, job tastes, property ownership, market power, and discrimination. In economics, the concept of equity and its relevance to employment and education can best be understood through an analysis of two theories of labor markets--the human capital theory and the dual labor market theory. The theory of discrimination is important for human resource development because discrimination has been a major cause of labor market segmentation, inequity, and low incomes. Minorities, women, and other groups will continue to experience severe problems in the labor market in the 1980s. Education has been instrumental in alleviating the economics crisis of the poor, unemployed, and disadvantaged. Unemployment, however, has continued to rise, and some studies show continuing inequality in education. Since 1968 vocational education has had to be more responsive to training the disadvantaged, minorities, and handicapped. Equity programs must be developed to eliminate discrimination in vocational education. Equity considerations should be integrated at all levels of the vocational education system, including planning, administration, and specific programs. (YLB)
Descriptors: Disabilities, Disadvantaged, Economic Development, Economic Opportunities, Economically Disadvantaged, Economics, Employment Practices, Equal Education, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Females, Futures (of Society), Income, Justice, Labor Market, Minority Groups, Poverty, Program Development, Racial Discrimination, Salary Wage Differentials, Sex Discrimination, Social Discrimination, Unemployment, Vocational Education
The National Center for Research in Vocational Education, National Center Publications, Box F, 1960 Kenny Rd., Columbus, OH 43210 (RD214B, $2.35; set of 17 papers, RD214, $30.00; Equity in Vocational Education, RD 213, $5.50. Quantity discounts available).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.
Note: For related documents see CE 031 915-932.