ERIC Number: ED215152
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Dec
Reference Count: 0
An Examination of Non-Occupationally Specific Outcomes of Secondary Vocational Education.
Ruff, Richard D.; And Others
The purpose of secondary vocational education has traditionally been occupational preparation, with the primary activity for achieving that purpose being occupationally specific skill training. Today, however, a significant amount of effort is also directed toward outcomes that prepare an individual for work rather than for a specific job or occupation, or outcomes that relate to satisfaction in life roles other than wage earner. These non-occupationally specific outcomes call for an examination of the issues for vocational education policy formulation. Four major types of non-occupationally specific outcomes can be identified: vocational knowledge and maturity; employability skills; consumer and other self-help skills, and citizenship and leadership. Some of the major implications of giving increased legitimacy and emphasis to non-occupationally specific outcomes include the following: (1) such an increase could lead to a one-to-one reduction of funds for occupationally specific skill training; (2) concern about tracking or restricting the future choices of students should be reduced, making vocational education more appealing to more students; (3) more emphasis may be placed on the needs of disadvantaged students; (4) business/industry may view this shift in emphasis as an attempt to be more responsive to their needs--or they may complain about youth's lack of specific skill training; and (5) program content may change. Federal policy options concerning non-occupationally specific vocational education include expanding the federal definition of vocational education; encouraging experimentation and demonstration; encouraging interdisciplinary courses; and encouraging research. (KC)
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Educational Planning, Educational Research, Educational Trends, Futures (of Society), Job Skills, Job Training, Outcomes of Education, Policy Formation, Program Evaluation, Relevance (Education), Research Needs, Secondary Education, Vocational Education, Work Attitudes
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.