ERIC Number: ED215080
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1982-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Issues in CETA Reauthorization. Occasional Papers in Educational Policy Analysis. Paper No. 4.
Knapp, Charles B.
The following three major issues should be addressed during the Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA) reauthorization debate: program objectives, program effectiveness, and CETA's reliability as a delivery system. Suggested as a tool to reduce unemployment, reduce inflation, reduce welfare dependency, and provide fiscal relief to state and local governments, CETA faces the danger of becoming a program that will, in an attempt to address conflicting objectives, fail to address any one objective well. Policymakers should also consider the fact that while on-the-job training and classroom training generate the highest post-program earnings gains, there is also evidence that carefully tailoring employment and training programs to the individual needs of participants is preferrable to a priori attempts to legislatively prescribe treatment. The key delivery system issue for the 1982 CETA reauthorization debate is to force a clear choice between centralization and decentralization. Analysis of past CETA performance indicates that the program's primary objective should be to reduce structural unemployment. Programs should emphasize training that is closely aligned with employer skill needs, and available resources should be targeted at the most disadvantaged. In addition, CETA should be decentralized and its operations should be more closely coordinated with other employment-related federal programs. (MN)
Descriptors: Change Strategies, Delivery Systems, Disadvantaged, Educational Legislation, Educational Objectives, Educational Planning, Educational Research, Employment Programs, Federal Legislation, Job Skills, Job Training, Needs Assessment, Policy Formation, Position Papers, Program Administration, Program Design, Program Development, Program Effectiveness, Program Improvement, Public Policy, Resource Allocation, Skill Development
Southeastern Regional Council for Educational Improvement, P.O. Box 12746, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 ($1.75; 20% discount on five or more copies).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Southeastern Regional Council for Educational Improvement, Research Triangle Park, NC.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Comprehensive Employment and Training Act