ERIC Number: ED215010
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981-Sep-25
Reference Count: N/A
Effectiveness of Bilingual Education: A Review of the Literature. Final Draft Report.
Baker, Keith A.; de Kanter, Adriana A.
Based on a review of twenty-eight studies, this report examines the success of transitional bilingual education proqrams in leading to better performance in English and in nonlanguage subject areas. The following conclusions are offered: (1) Schools can improve the achievement level of language minority children through proper programs. (2) There is not sufficient evidence for the effectiveness of transitional bilingual education to justify the Federal government's exclusive reliance on this method of instruction. Therefore, each school district should decide what type of special program is most appropriate locally. (3) Evidence does not support the necessity of teaching nonlanguage subjects in the child's native tongue, thouqh it is necessary to structure the curriculum differently from that of English monolingual students if the subject matter is to be taught to non-English speakers. (4) Immersion programs, which involve structured curricula in English, show promising results and should be given more attention in program development. (5) The Title VII program for bilingual education must take steps to improve the quality of its program evaluations. (Author/GC)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Department of Education, Washington, DC. Office of Planning, Budget, and Evaluation.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Bilingual Education Act 1968