ERIC Number: ED214969
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1968-Nov-21
Reference Count: N/A
The Problem and Problem Delineation Techniques. Phi Delta Kappa Occasional Paper No. 1.
Gephart, William J.
The term "problem" has been poorly defined in the literature on the research process. The author has attempted to define the term more specifically than as an instance of indeterminacy. It can be determined as one of four instances of indeterminacy: anomaly, unverified facts, uncharted areas, or conflicting evidence. In each of these categories, three levels of problem may be identified. These categories include: (1) What variables are involved? (2) What is the nature of these variables? and (3) What is the cause and effect relationship? A grid may be constructed to classify research problems using this information. Three techniques that have evolved in the complex process of delineating a research problem are explained. These are integrative theonomy, facet analysis and design, and componential analysis. The techniques and applications described have two important applications in research training. They can be used as content in training future researchers. They may also be used in examining the area of research instruction and improving the methods. The author hopes the techniques he has delineated will be applied and used to improve the training of researchers. (DWH)
Descriptors: Componential Analysis, Educational Research, Educational Researchers, Research Problems, Training
Phi Delta Kappa, P.O. Box 789, Bloomington, IN 47402 ($.50).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Phi Delta Kappa, Bloomington, IN. Center on Evaluation and Research.