ERIC Number: ED214897
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: 0
What You See is What You Get: A Summary of Observations in Over 1000 Elementary & Secondary Classrooms. A Study of Schooling in the United States. Technical Report Series, No. 29.
Sirotnik, Kenneth A.
Data from observations of 129 elementary, 362 junior, and 525 high school classes were analyzed to raise questions about classroom environment and classroom practices. Results gathered from four instruments are discussed: (1) physical environment inventory, which recorded classroom architectural arrangement, seating and grouping patterns, furnishings, and materials and equipment; (2) daily summary, which provided an overview of the space and materials available as well as the decision making processes in evidence by students and teacher; (3) five-minute interaction, which was continuous accounting of how time is spent in the classroom and focused on the teacher and student teacher interactions; and (4) classroom snapshots, which provided information about what each adult and student is doing in the classroom, the size of student groups, and the nature of activities in progress. Data gathered from these instruments are analyzed with both "narrow" and "broad" perspectives. The narrow perspective concludes that further research is necessary concerning teaching practices in the context in which they occur. The broader view concludes that the data collected represents an educational scenario that fits the wishes of neither education providers nor recipients. Concluding remarks are made about the processes and necessity of educational change. Tabular presentations are made of some of the data analyzed for this study. (CMJ)
Descriptors: Classroom Environment, Classroom Research, Classroom Techniques, Conventional Instruction, Educational Assessment, Educational Change, Educational Objectives, Educational Practices, Elementary Secondary Education, Student Participation, Student Teacher Relationship, Teacher Effectiveness, Time on Task
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Numerical/Quantitative Data; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Institute for Development of Educational Activities, Dayton, OH.
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Los Angeles. Graduate School of Education