ERIC Number: ED214852
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Characteristics of American Children and Youth: 1980. Current Population Reports, Special Studies Series P-23, No. 114.
Jennings, Jerry T.
This report presents a statistical portrait of the demographic, social, and economic characteristics of American children and youth. The source of the data in U.S. government sources includes surveys, censuses, and vital statistics. In general, children are defined as persons under 14 years old, and youth as persons 14 to 24 years old. Exceptions to these age divisions sometimes occur in the report because of data restrictions by age. The analyses trace changes among children and youth in the areas of population growth and distribution, migration, education, family and marital status, living arrangements, fertility, mortality and health, labor force participation, occupation, income and poverty status, voting, and crime and victimization. Some historical perspective on the current socioeconomic conditions of American children and youth is also provided in the report. Selected topics are examined in time series beginning with 1950; trend data for other subjects are shown for a more recent time span. Some highlights of the report include the following: (1) in 1980, 92 million people (or about 4 out or every 10 Americans) were under 25; (2) a general movement away from early marriage has been noted in recent years; (3) 53 percent of all children under 18 in 1980 who were living in families had mothers in the labor force; (4) 43 percent of children under 6 had mothers who were working or seeking work; and (5) 50 percent of youths 18 to 24 voted in 1972 while only 40 percent voted in 1980. (Author/RM)
Descriptors: Birth Rate, Census Figures, Children, Crime, Death, Demography, Economic Status, Education, Employment Level, Family Status, Income, Infant Mortality, Labor Force, Marital Status, Migration, Occupations, Population Distribution, Population Growth, Social Characteristics, Tables (Data), Voting, Youth
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402 (Stock Number 003-001-91527-8, $4.50).
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Bureau of the Census (DOC), Suitland, MD. Population Div.
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