ERIC Number: ED214819
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Developing Reading Ability by Using Literature for Values Clarification in Social Studies.
Dillon, David; Parsons, James B.
A rationale and model are presented for using literature to teach values clarification in elementary social studies classes. The premise is that a major goal of social studies is to develop good citizens, which requires a comparative knowledge of self and society, and decision-making ability. An explanation is given of how literature (including children's stories) provides the reader with a view of life on both personal and broader cultural levels. Literature usually deals with problems or issues and reflects the writer's values in terms of how the problems are resolved. An effective reading program should provide children with opportunities to link their reading experiences with their own lives and to allow feedback after reading through discussion. The authors present a model, utilizing literature, to help students clarify their own values as they relate to real-life situations. It is explained with an example of different conflict-resolution strategies presented in five different children's stories. The authors suggest ways in which teachers can guide children through analysis of the stories, clarification and comparison of their own and the characters' values, and reflection on the implications of various decisions. (AV)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A