ERIC Number: ED214811
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Changes in the Political Role of Women Since 1960.
Pierce, Doris F.
The increasing number of women today becoming involved in political activities and holding elective office is evidence of the changes in women's roles in politics which began in the 1960s. Role change began with increased political activity in the 1960s Civil Rights Movement. In the late 1960s and early 1970s feminist organizations were formed to combat sex discrimination; expand the social, economic, and political role of women; and support favorable legislation. In addition, there was an increase in the number of women voters. There has also been a significant historic change in the rise of the percentage of women delegates to the national conventions. An important vehicle for this rise was the rule changes focusing on ensuring opportunities for full participation which were recommended or required at the 1972 Republican and Democratic conventions. During this period when women have been increasing their role in the national party conventions, other changes in the Presidential candidate selection process at the state and local levels of government have contributed to an increase in party offices held by women. Additional changes in political positions indicate that though more women run for office, few are involved in managing campaigns, or fund raising which is essential for successful election to public office, and that most party organizations are not encouraging any of these steps. Changes in political career ladders include women using the traditional male professions as stepping stones to office or establishing an issue-oriented political network. Involvement in a political party is increasingly necessary for election. (RM)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Conference on History and Social Studies (12th, Hammond, IN, November, 1981).