ERIC Number: ED214711
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Indian Tribes: A Continuing Quest for Survival. A Report of the United States Commission on Civil Rights.
Mathews, Bonnie, Ed.
Based on Commission public hearings held in 1977 through 1979 and on research conducted since 1977, this report examines state, federal, and tribal governments' role in major conflicts concerning fishing rights, reservation criminal law enforcement, and Eastern Indian land claims existing between Indian tribes and non-Indians. Chapter 1 discusses the public awareness of Indians and Indian issues during the late 1970s. Chapter 2 traces the major events in Federal-Indian relations from the precolonial period to the present, briefly summarizes the major concepts of Federal Indian law, describes the historical developments of the concept of Indian rights, and discusses the relations between tribal governments and state, local, and federal governments. In the next chapters, detailed case studies (i.e., Passamaquoddy Tribe v. Morton, Oneida v. County of Oneida, the Mashpee Jury Trial, claims by the Cayuga Indian Nation, St. Regis Mohawk Indians, and Catawba Tribe) trace the historical origins of the conflicts, focusing on the governments' role, particularly the federal government, throughout the crises. Generally, the report concludes that the present system for protecting Indian rights has significant limitations, that coherent mechanisms for determining and implementing Indian policy are lacking, and that conflicts over Indian rights exacerbate preexisting problems Indians face concerning denials of equal protection of the laws. (NQA)
Descriptors: American Indian Reservations, American Indians, Civil Rights, Court Litigation, Culture Conflict, Equal Protection, Federal Government, Federal Indian Relationship, Government Role, Land Settlement, Law Enforcement, Self Determination, State Government, Trust Responsibility (Government)
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402.
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC.