ERIC Number: ED214689
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Integrated and Early Childhood Education: Preparation for Social Development. Theme D: Looking Forward - Integrated Participation in Processes of Change.
This seminar paper presents an analysis of the many complex issues inherent in planning and implementing those educational interventions designed to accelerate human change so that it matches the pace of external change in traditional societies. After establishing the importance of sensitive periods when learning can be massive and intervention is most likely to be rewarding, two maxims for intervention are stipulated. Subsequently, problems inherent in bringing about change are addressed and their implications for different styles of innovative change are examined. A number of basic propositions concerning the nature of change are advanced and linked to the problem of psychological stress engendered by change. Criteria thought to be crucial for judging any innovation project (i.e., criteria related to individual coping and personal security) are expanded upon in subsequent passages. An educational model based on habilitation is put forward as preferable to the usual, implicit model based on rehabilitation. Implications arising from the analysis for planning, implementing, and evaluating educational interventions are briefly explored in terms of the need for preliminary information, and determination of aims and objectives, as well as consideration of the type of intervention strategy, leadership style, and experience-based assessment and revision of the intervention model used. Several conclusions based on the presentation are offered. (Author/RH)
Descriptors: Criteria, Developing Nations, Early Childhood Education, Educational Innovation, Educational Planning, Foreign Countries, Futures (of Society), Intervention, Leadership Styles, Research Design, Social Change
Bernard van Leer Foundation, P.O. Box 85905, 2508 CP The Hague, Netherlands (Free of charge).
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Bernard Van Leer Foundation, The Hague (Netherlands).
Note: Paper presented at the Eastern Hemisphere Seminar (2nd, Salisbury, Zimbabwe, February 24-March 7, 1981). For related documents, see PS 012 556 and PS 012 795-799.