ERIC Number: ED214673
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1982-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Knowledge and Use of Contraception in Twenty Developing Countries. Reports on the World Fertility Survey 3.
This report, third in a series based on data resulting from the World Fertility Survey (WFS), examines the extent of knowledge and use of contraception in 20 developing countries. The data analyzed in this report indicate that in 19 of the 20 countries (the exception being Nepal), three-quarters or more of the women who are or have been married know about contraception. Knowledge of modern contraceptive methods (i.e., the pill, condom, intrauterine device (IUD), injection, diaphragm, jelly, foam, tablet, tampon, sponge, and cream) is more common than knowledge of traditional methods (i.e., abstinence, rhythm, withdrawal, douche, and folk methods). Modern methods are more frequently used than traditional methods among current users. The three methods most commonly used, in order of popularity, are the pill, the IUD, and sterilization. There exists a curvilinear relationship between the extent of current use and age of the women: the percentage of current users is lower among younger and older women and reaches its highest level in the mid-range of the reproductive years. A strong, but not always consistent relationship exists between parity and contraceptive use. In general, use of contraception tends to increase with number of living children, and there exists a positive linear relationship between levels of educational attainment and contraceptive use. Similar relationships are also found between women's paid employment and contraceptive use, and between urban residence and contraceptive use. (Author/MP)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Age Differences, Contraception, Developing Nations, Employed Women, Family Structure, Females, Incidence, Marital Status, Place of Residence, Surveys
Population Reference Bureau, Circulation Department, 1337 Connecticut Avenue, N.W., Washington, DC 20036 (Free of charge; add $1.00 for handling and postage).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Agency for International Development (Dept. of State), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Population Reference Bureau, Inc., Washington, DC.