ERIC Number: ED214647
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Feb
The Relationship Between Kindergarten Children's Fantasy Play Behavior and Divergent Thinking Ability.
Waldon, Mary Ann
The purposes of the present study were (1) to determine if there were significant differences in the divergent thinking ability of kindergarten children who engage in much fantasy play behavior as opposed to those who engage in little fantasy play behavior, and (2) to determine the effect of sex, socioeconomic status, and previous preschool group experience on children's fantasy play behavior. Forty-nine boys and 58 girls, enrolled in 18 kindergarten classrooms in a large suburban school, participated in the study. Fifty-two subjects came from middle socioeconomic status families and 55 from lower socioeconomic status families. Fifty-nine subjects had previous preschool experience and 50 had no such experience. Using the Fantasy Play Behavior Instrument (FPBI), designed by the author, subjects were observed for 5 minutes each day for a 10 day period and their involvement in fantasy play was recorded either as solitary (in which the child played alone) or as collaborative (in which the child took a role and related to one or more children while engaged in that role). The Product Improvement Subtest, Form B, of the Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking was used to obtain scores for the divergent thinking ability variables of fluency, flexibility, and originality. The study hypothesis, which indicated that children who scored in the upper quartile on the FPBI would have significantly more divergent creative thinking ability than children who scored in the lower quartile, was not supported. Instead, children who scored in the lower quartile on the FPBI were significantly higher in divergent thinking ability than those who scored in the upper quartile. In addition, sex, socioeconomic status, and previous preschool experience were found to have no significant main effects on children's fantasy play behavior. (Author/MP)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southwest Educational Research Association (Austin, TX, February 1982).