ERIC Number: ED214571
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Productivity in Community College Programs: A Technique for Determining Relative Efficiency.
Bessent, Authella; Bessent, E. Wailand
The Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) model, a conceptual model for measuring productivity and efficiency, is presented and applied in this report. First, the DEA model is described, and three of its properties that make it particularly useful are identified; i.e., it measures efficiency of units relative to each other rather than to absolute criteria; it permits the use of multiple inputs and outputs; and it provides management information relative to the inputs and outputs of particular units. After detailing the theory and method of the DEA, the report applies it to measure the efficiency of 22 occupational programs in a comprehensive community college. First, the college setting is described, and then its decision-making units (DMU's) are identified, output and input measures currently used to make program and budgeting decisions are defined, and the results of the analysis are presented and discussed, with particular emphasis on the information produced by the analysis that has administrative significance. Examples of the use of such information are provided for three allied health programs. Finally, the limitations and requirements of the DEA technique are considered, as well as theory extensions that are under development. A technical appendix, specifying the mathematical model, and an extensive bibliography are included. (Author/KL)
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Washington, DC.; National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.; Office of Naval Research, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Community Coll. Productivity Center, Dallas, TX.