ERIC Number: ED214488
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: N/A
Preparing Students for College: The Need for Quality. Issues In Higher Education.
Myers, Michael M.
Evidence of decline in academic performance and academic standards in schools and colleges, and examples of reform are considered, based on work of a Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) task force. Declining scores on college entrance examinations and other standardized tests imply that students have been learning less in high school. Symptoms of slackened standards include continued grade inflation, more lenient high school graduation requirements, and lower college admissions requirements. There is widespread agreement among experts in education that the quality of the curriculum greatly influences achievement. Some trends in the United States include: a serious decline in electing to take more advanced academic courses and a marked reduction in content and expectations in advanced courses students do take. Students in the South, making higher grades in high school, have scored substantially lower on the Scholastic Aptitude Test than students nationally. High school graduation requirements in the 14 SREB states are identified. Additionally, admissions practices of colleges according to three categories of accessibility or selectivity are identified for the United States and the South for 1979. A decline in selectivity, as measured by college entrance test scores, has occurred in most colleges, including leading universities. It is suggested that to be effective, reforms must align college preparatory programs in high schools with the academic prerequisites of college work. Examples of schools' efforts to elevate academic standards are cited. In addition, some individual colleges are tightening their entrance requirements, and several states are making progress in their efforts to improve the preparation of college-bound students. (SW)
Descriptors: Academic Education, Academic Standards, Access to Education, Admission Criteria, College Bound Students, College Entrance Examinations, College Preparation, College Students, Educational Change, Educational Quality, Elementary Secondary Education, Grade Inflation, Grades (Scholastic), Graduation Requirements, Higher Education, Improvement Programs
Southern Regional Education Board, 1340 Spring Street, N.W., Atlanta, GA 30309.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Southern Regional Education Board, Atlanta, GA.