ERIC Number: ED214479
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Fear of Success and Achievement Anxiety in Reentry Versus Non-Reentry Women.
Sherman, Pamela; And Others
Women who reenter college after years of work or family responsibilities were compared to women with similar backgrounds who do not reenter school on measures of fear of success and achievement anxiety. A questionnaire designed to determine reentry status, age, socioeconomic standing, facilitating and debilitating anxiety, and fear of success was administered. Subjects were randomly assigned to either the "Anne" or "John" cue from Matina Horner's original 1968 study of fear of success, based in part on negative imagery expressed in the cue-elicited stories reflecting concern about success. The Alpert-Haber Achievement Anxiety test was used to measure achievement anxiety. Responses were analyzed for 94 women, ranging in age from 19 to 61 years, who were either being counseled for school or job reentry, taking undergraduate classes at a City University of New York campus, or participating in women's clubs in Manhattan. Findings indicate that there are no differences in fear of success between women who reenter school after working or raising a family and those who do not. Women in both groups tended to write more fear of success stories to the "Anne" cue, but not to a statistically significant degree. Descriptions of the fear of success construct appear to have a good deal in common with both achievement motivation and anxiety in achievement situations that, in the past, have had high relationships with the achievement anxiety scales. The highest multiple correlation between fear of success and facilitating and debilitating anxiety was obtained when "Anne" was used as the cue to measure fear of success. A bibliography is appended. (SW)
Descriptors: Achievement, Achievement Need, Adult Students, Anxiety, College Attendance, College Students, Comparative Analysis, Emotional Response, Fear of Success, Females, Goal Orientation, Higher Education, Homemakers, Nontraditional Students, Reentry Students, Sex Role
Sigmund Tobias, Institute for Research and Development in Occupational Education, Center for the Advanced Study of Education, 33 West 42nd St., New York, NY 10036.
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: City Univ. of New York, NY. Center for Advanced Study in Education.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented to the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New York, NY, March 1982).