ERIC Number: ED214432
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Role Conflict and Accord: The Artist and Humanist in the University.
Novotny, Janet A.
The sources and nature of conflict/accord between the artist role and the three primary roles that the artist confronts in the university--teaching, research, and the faculty role--were investigated. For comparison purposes, faculty members in the humanities fields were interviewed in addition to the full-time faculty members who were also practicing artists in the fields of music, visual arts, theater, and creative writing. For the artist respondents, a distinction was made between artist-makers and artist-performers. Humanists converged well on teaching/research/faculty roles. Their conflicts lay primarily in lacking necessary resources to carry them out (i.e., social exchange). Artist-performers converged well overall, except for the perception of committee work outside of their college as an obligation instead of a legitimate pressure. Artist-makers, on the other hand, diverged on the three roles. A major source of divergence may be that many did not want to be full-time faculty members. The findings may be restated as follows: artist-performers and humanists experienced many areas of accord and few areas of conflict with the teaching and faculty roles, while artist-makers experienced many conflicts and few accords. Areas of accord include: satisfaction with teaching, the value of social exchange with faculty peers, and enough time to work; areas of conflict include: conflict between the artist and scholar based on different values and failure to reward artists for their art. Differences between the findings and those cited in the literature are noted, and a bibliography and interview questions are appended. (SW)
Descriptors: Acting, Art Teachers, Artists, Authors, College Faculty, Faculty College Relationship, Faculty Workload, Fine Arts, Higher Education, Humanities, Musicians, Noninstructional Responsibility, Questionnaires, Role Conflict, Scholarship, Teacher Role, Theater Arts, Values, Visual Arts
Center for the Study of Higher Education, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA.
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park. Center for the Study of Higher Education.