ERIC Number: ED214418
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
The Open University of the United Kingdom. Implementation of Higher Education Reforms.
The decision to create Great Britain's Open University and stages in the preparation of higher education reforms are considered. The current position of the Open University in relation to its original goals is also addressed, and the policy implementation process is examined to determine why the Open University achieved some of its original goals but not others. Attention is directed to the initial proposal for a University of the Air, and of nationally organized correspondence college courses, the advisory committee stage, the planning committee stage, the reaction of others to the proposed reform, factors underlying the survival of the proposed reform, and goal changes during the policy formulation stage. Five types of goals are distinguished: the intended students, the curriculum, teaching methods, the organizational framework, academic standards, the size and cost of the new institution. It is suggested that the present Open University is very similar to that proposed by the planning committee in terms of teaching methods, curriculum, and organizational framework. However, the university has met with only limited success in terms of creating genuine equality of opportunity. It has largely failed to achieve the informal goal of attracting large numbers of working class students. The first students were offered places in September 1970, and 24,200 began their studies in January 1979. In the first year foundation courses were offered in arts, social science, math and science, and technology was added in 1972. Higher level courses were later offered, together with courses in educational studies. Statistical data, an organizational chart, and a bibliography are appended. (SW)
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Access to Education, College Curriculum, Educational History, Educational Objectives, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Nontraditional Education, Nontraditional Students, Open Universities, School Organization, School Size, Student Characteristics, Teaching Methods
Institute of Education, European Cultural Foundation, c/o Universite Dauphine, 1, Place du Marechal de Lattre de Tassigny 75116 Paris, France.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: European Cultural Foundation, Paris (France). Inst. of Education.