ERIC Number: ED214389
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Superordinate Terms in Expository Writing.
Lieber, Paula E.
Superordinates in Halliday and Hasan's analysis of cohesion are lexical items which refer to preceding terms, ideas, or actions, or to whole stretches of discourse, by naming a more inclusive category or class within which the antecedent is included. In written texts the interrelationships between superordinates and more specific terms, or hyponyms, provide patterns of meaning between and within sentences. English as a second language (ESL) students need to be taught to choose appropriate superordinates and hyponyms, which they will use across disciplines in their academic writing. Semantic distinctions, syntactical structures, and rhetorical structures and functions are also context independent, and so must be taught. For example, superordinates can serve as triggers for eliciting focus and development of a topic. In this process, instruction would be given on use of abstract terms, more specific terms, and the contexts in which each is appropriate. Literature on reading comprehension is a suggested source of vocabulary-teaching techniques that can be adapted for presenting, practicing and differentiating the use of superordinates. (AMH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference of New York State English to Speakers of Other Languages and Bilingual Educators Association (Rochester, NY, October 23-25, 1981).