ERIC Number: ED214387
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Communicative Competence of Kindergarten Children: A Sociolinguistic Perspective.
Communicative competence is defined as "...the ability to use appropriate speech for the circumstances, and when deviating from what is normal to convey what is intended." A study was undertaken to show that children's sociolinguistic communicative competencies and incompetencies can be identified and described in components of the "Ways of Speaking." Using an ethnograhic design, data were collected in a middle-class kindergarten consisting of 21 white, native English speakers during a period of four months. Children's ways of speaking were examined and aspects of their sociolinguistic competence and incompetence were identified. Speech samples were examined in the following categories: setting or scene, participants, ends or goals, act sequences, key or tone, instrumentalities, norms of interaction, and genres. The competencies discovered included the ability to vary artfully the components of "Ways of Speaking" in order to accomplish a range of personal purposes and awareness of regularities in classroom language. The problems in acculturation had to do with requisite norms of interaction, participant role as unintended hearers when the teacher addressed remarks to a subgroup, and sometimes attracting and maintaining interest of their audience. (AMH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Rocky Mountain Educational Research Association (12th, Dallas, TX, October 1981).