ERIC Number: ED214349
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Deaf-Blind Babies in Social Interaction: Questions of Maternal Adaptation.
Walker, Jeanette A.; Kershman, Susan M.
Patterns of social interaction were compared between four deaf blind children (3 to 5 years old) and their mothers and a matched group of four normal children (1 month to 19 months old) and their mothers in terms of amount of interaction, modalities used, affective quality, and contingent response patterns. Videotaped home interactions were coded according to the modalities in which interactions took place. Both quantitative and qualitative differences were found between the social interaction patterns of the normal and deaf blind Ss. The two groups tended not only to respond to different categories of behaviors, but also with different categories. Normal Ss were more likely to respond than deaf blind Ss and were more predictable in their interactive responses and in their affect. Deaf blind Ss were less responsive, less predictable, and generally less interactive. The two groups of mothers differed in their overall use of change and repetition. Mothers of deaf blind Ss used kinesthetic responses proportionately more and the verbal/vocal category less, and were less active overall than were mothers of normal Ss. However, in relation to their children, mothers of deaf blind Ss were proportionately more active, engaging in twice as many interactive behaviors as the children. The complex nature of interactions is stressed, as is the difficulty of interpreting differences between populations of dyads. (CL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Bi-Annual Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Boston, MA, April 2-5, 1981).