ERIC Number: ED214244
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Mar
Reference Count: 0
The Managerial Behavior of Elementary School Principals.
Willower, Donald J.; Kmetz, John T.
Using structured observation, researchers carried out a field study of the work behavior of five elementary school principals in two northeastern states. Each principal was observed for one work week. The results were compared with similar observations of secondary principals. The observers recorded the nature, location, time, duration, participants, and materials used for each separate activity. They also analyzed the purpose, form, sender or receiver, amount of attention received, and action taken for all written correspondence. The study results showed the principals worked an average of 49.7 hours per week on 611.6 activities. Classification of the activities into 13 types revealed the most frequent were unscheduled and scheduled meetings, desk work, and telephone calls. The elementary principals' correspondence indicated they received more letters from superiors and parents than did secondary principals. Analysis of the purpose of principals' activities showed that most actions were aimed at organizational maintenance, school curricular and instructional programs, and pupil control; the least time was spent on extracurricular activities. Overall the research indicated that elementary and secondary principals' activities resemble each other in their fast pace, variety, brevity, fragmentation, and verbal emphasis. (RW)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New York, NY, March 19-23, 1982).