ERIC Number: ED214099
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Meanings of Work in Different Environments and Cultures.
Hulin, Charles L.; Ross, William
Organizations are directly influenced by the beliefs and values of the employees. Many of these beliefs deal with the meaning of work and preferences for broad classes of work outcomes. A heterogeneous sample of working people (N=318) completed a questionnaire which examined beliefs about work on nine job-related dimensions that distinguish four beliefs systems. A cluster analysis performed on the nine job-related subscale scores indicated that there were five clusters of people who differed in their beliefs about work. A comparison of the means of the five clusters on the subscales revealed that: (1) Cluster 1 tended to hold Protestant Ethic beliefs; (2) Cluster 2 adhered to the Leisure Ethic; (3) Cluster 3 was neutral relative to the other groups on almost all scales; (4) Cluster 4 endorsed more Marxist beliefs than other clusters; and (5) Cluster 5 held a combination of Protestant Ethic and Humanistic beliefs. For most clusters, beliefs from more than one ethic were held. These data suggest that the theory-based work beliefs scale is a superior instrument for measuring the beliefs of workers. (Author/NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (89th, Los Angeles, CA, August 24-26, 1981). Best copy available.