ERIC Number: ED214074
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Nov-11
Reference Count: 0
Barriers and Supports in the Job Search: Preliminary Findings from a Survey of Older Job Seekers.
Daum, Menachem; And Others
The older job seeker faces both external and internal barriers in finding employment. External barriers include such economic and societal obstacles as age discrimination, rapid technological changes and the shifting demands of the job market. Internal barriers include diminishing job seeking motivation and limited job seeking skills. A conceptual model of job-seeking behavior based on expectancy theory which examines the interplay between internal and external barriers was used to guide a study of 278 job seekers aged 50. To obtain a national probability sample of active job seekers a combination of random digit dialing and multiplicity linkage sampling strategies was used to generate the difficult-to-identify study sample. The preliminary data have indicated that older job seekers have benefited from enhanced job-seeking skills. A majority of respondents also expressed a willingness to be trained in these skills; even greater numbers expressed interest in training for second careers and for skill upgrading. The findings suggest that further efforts should be directed to the identification of optimal training approaches, the role of group supports in the job search and career change, and the potential contribution of higher education to extending the work-life of older persons. (Author/NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Administration on Aging (DHHS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: City Univ. of New York, NY. Hunter Coll.
Note: Paper presented at the Joint Annual Meeting of the Scientific Gerontological Society (34th) and the Scientific & Educational Canadian Association on Gerontology (10th), (Toronto, Ontario, Canada, November 8-12, 1981).