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ERIC Number: ED213696
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Class Organization Upon the Balance Performance of Young Children.
MacCracken, Mary Jo
The effects of the presence of others on 120 young children's performance of balancing skills were tested. The boys and girls, aged four, six, and eight, were tested under three different conditions: while acting "alone," in coaction (pairs), and alone before an audience. The tests were divided into simple and complex balance tasks, consisting of walking forward and backward on lines or balance beams of various widths. Results revealed that the presence of others appeared to arouse general drive and facilitated performance depending on the subject's age, skill level, tasks used, and environment provided. No significant differences between the sexes in balance performance were noted. In the spectator setting, the six-year-old subjects' performance was impaired when skill level was low, but enhanced when skill level was high. No significant difference between spectator performance and performance alone was apparent in the performance of the four-year-old subjects with the exception of their performance in the "alone" state. Overall, age was found to have strong effects on the measures tested. The results appear to support contentions that evaluation apprehension and past learning experiences are basic to the facilitation of performance. (Author/FG)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A