ERIC Number: ED213510
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Listening to Boys and Girls During Play.
Liss, Marsha B.; And Others
To examine the nature of sex differences in children's speech during play, 10 boys and 10 girls in kindergarten were videotaped continuously during 10 minute dyadic play sessions involving non-sex-typed toys. Each child participated twice -- once with a same-sex peer and once with an opposite-sex peer. The videotapes were coded according to whom each child directed his/her verbalizations (self or other), and the content of each child's verbalizations (self, toy, self and toy, play partner, play partner and toy, previous experience, toy noises, mutterings, and comments unrelated to the toy play activities). No sex differences were found. It was found, however, that children talked more to others than to themselves except when making noises related to the toy or its function. The most common type of verbalization was irrelevant to play activity. The second most frequent type was about the toy itself and occurred more in dialogues. Children generally talked more when with the opposite-sex peer. Mutterings were more common in same-sex play, but all other categories occurred more frequently when playing with an opposite-sex playmate. It is concluded that (1) children may show sex differences only when the toys and activities introduced into the research setting are sex-typed, and (2) due to unfamiliarity, children playing in opposite-sex dyads may need to give each other various kinds of instruction. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Western Psychological Association (Los Angeles, CA, April 9-12, 1982).