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ERIC Number: ED213358
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Sep
Pages: 76
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Foreign Participation in U.S. Science and Engineering Higher Education and Labor Markets. Special Report.
Broyles, Susan G.; And Others
Information is presented on foreign graduate students, foreign science and engineering (S/E) students in master's-granting institutions. The impact of these foreign graduates in the U.S. labor force is also assessed. The data were obtained from the National Science Foundation-conducted graduate science students and postdoctorates survey of academic deans and department heads and the annual Survey of Earned Doctorates. Findings include the following: the foreign share of all full-time S/E graduate students in doctorate-granting institutions increased in almost all S/E fields between 1974 and 1979, but the growth was most dramatic in engineering and mathematical/computer sciences; in engineering, foreign citizens constituted almost one-half of the graduating doctorates; if present trends continue throughout the 1980s, as much as one-sixth of the 1990 U.S. doctorate engineering labor force might be foreign citizens; in the field of agricultural science, almost all foreign doctorate recipients hold temporary visas, which indicates foreign countries' interest in high-technology training; foreign citizens with temporary visas received at least 20 percent of the S/E doctorates awarded in 1979, largely the fields of engineering and physical, mathematical, and agricultural sciences; about one-half of the foreign S/E postdoctorates held positions in the life sciences; and over one-half of the foreign students receiving S/E doctorates in the 1970s were from the Middle East and Asia. Technical notes and questionnaires are appended. (SW)
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402.
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC. Div. of Science Resources Studies.