ERIC Number: ED213358
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Foreign Participation in U.S. Science and Engineering Higher Education and Labor Markets. Special Report.
Broyles, Susan G.; And Others
Information is presented on foreign graduate students, foreign science and engineering (S/E) students in master's-granting institutions. The impact of these foreign graduates in the U.S. labor force is also assessed. The data were obtained from the National Science Foundation-conducted graduate science students and postdoctorates survey of academic deans and department heads and the annual Survey of Earned Doctorates. Findings include the following: the foreign share of all full-time S/E graduate students in doctorate-granting institutions increased in almost all S/E fields between 1974 and 1979, but the growth was most dramatic in engineering and mathematical/computer sciences; in engineering, foreign citizens constituted almost one-half of the graduating doctorates; if present trends continue throughout the 1980s, as much as one-sixth of the 1990 U.S. doctorate engineering labor force might be foreign citizens; in the field of agricultural science, almost all foreign doctorate recipients hold temporary visas, which indicates foreign countries' interest in high-technology training; foreign citizens with temporary visas received at least 20 percent of the S/E doctorates awarded in 1979, largely the fields of engineering and physical, mathematical, and agricultural sciences; about one-half of the foreign S/E postdoctorates held positions in the life sciences; and over one-half of the foreign students receiving S/E doctorates in the 1970s were from the Middle East and Asia. Technical notes and questionnaires are appended. (SW)
Descriptors: Developing Nations, Doctoral Degrees, Employment Patterns, Engineering, Enrollment Trends, Foreign Students, Full Time Students, Graduate Students, Higher Education, International Educational Exchange, Masters Degrees, Mathematics, Postdoctoral Education, Questionnaires, Sciences
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402.
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC. Div. of Science Resources Studies.