ERIC Number: ED213295
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Out-Migration of New Jersey Full-Time First-Time Freshmen, 1979: Analysis and Recommendations. New Jersey Research Note Series.
Simmons, Fran C.
ORM, v2 n1 Nov 1981
Data collected by the National Center for Education Statistics are the basis for these analyses of student migration patterns in New Jersey. The distribution of out-migrating full-time, first-time freshmen in 1979 is examined by collegiate sector and institutional control. The states and institutions to which these students migrate are also highlighted. In addition, patterns of in-migration to New Jersey institutions of full-time first-time freshmen from out of state are analyzed. The constituency of out-migrants whose choice of college appears amenable to influence through policy initiatives or increased recruiting is delineated. The impact of a reduction in out-migration on systemwide enrollments in the long term is examined, and the economic consequences of out-migration are presented. Significant findings include these: about a third of New Jersey's college freshmen attended out-of-state institutions in 1979, and a higher percentage of full-time, first-time freshmen out-migrated; most of these attended private, four-year colleges, while those who remained primarily attended two-year colleges. In-migrants represented about 7 percent of New Jersey's college population. The systemwide effect of out-migration was found to be significant, and retention of outmigrants could eliminate the projected enrollment decline. Academic reputation/institutional quality is suggested as a reason for over 40 percent of out-migration. The two recommendations made are that the state survey (1) a sample of the state's public and non-public high school seniors about their perceptions of institutional characteristics contributing to reputation and their part in college choice, and (2) a sample of in-migrating full-time first-time freshmen to learn which factors influenced their decisions to attend schools in New Jersey. Nine data tables on in- and out-migration and school selectivity are appended. (MSE)
Descriptors: College Bound Students, College Choice, Demography, Enrollment Influences, Enrollment Trends, Higher Education, In State Students, Institutional Characteristics, Migration Patterns, Out of State Students, Reputation, Student Mobility
New Jersey Dept. of Higher Education, 225 W. State St., Trenton, NJ 08625.
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Collected Works - Serials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: New Jersey State Dept. of Higher Education, Trenton. Office of Community Coll. Programs.
Identifiers - Location: New Jersey