ERIC Number: ED213279
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: 0
Employment of Minority PhDs: Changes over Time. Survey of Doctorate Recipients.
Maxfield, Betty D.
Data on the employment status of Ph.D.s in the United States, with emphasis on racial minorities, are presented. The information is based primarily on the 1979 Survey of Doctorate Recipients but also is derived from the annual Surveys of Earned Doctorates. Demographic and employment statistics for the total population of Ph.D.s in science, engineering, and the humanities are presented, and U.S.-born and foreign-born doctorate recipients are treated separately. Other tables describe the pattern of academic employment among the racial/ethnic groups, including such variables as academic rank and tenure; the pattern of nonacademic employment of Ph.D.s in these fields; and the pattern of remuneration of science, engineering, and humanities Ph.D.s by racial/ethnic group, in both academic and nonacademic employment. Findings include the following: of the 395,000 science, engineering, and humanities Ph.D.s in the United States in 1979, 2.4 percent were U.S.-born minorities and 5.7 percent were foreign-born minorities; of these minority Ph.D.s, 88.6 percent were in science/engineering fields and 11.4 percent were in humanities fields; Asian/Pacific Islanders accounted for 69.3 percent of all science/engineering minority Ph.D.s; the biological and behavioral sciences (psychology and social sciences) accounted for about 60 percent of the science/engineering Ph.D. degrees earned by U.S.-born minorities, and only 48 percent of those held by U.S.-born whites; and 37 percent of all minority Ph.D.s in the humanities had earned their degrees in modern languages and literature. A sample questionnaire and information on the research methodology are appended. (SW)
Descriptors: Academic Rank (Professional), Asian Americans, Behavioral Sciences, Biological Sciences, Career Choice, Comparative Analysis, Doctoral Degrees, Employment Level, Employment Opportunities, Engineering, Ethnic Groups, Graduate Surveys, Higher Education, Humanities, Immigrants, Minority Groups, Occupational Surveys, Racial Differences, Salaries, Sciences, Tenure, Vocational Followup, Whites
Survey of Doctorate Recipients Office, Commission on Human Resources, National Research Council, 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W., Washington, DC 20418.
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Endowment for the Humanities (NFAH), Washington, DC.; National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC. Commission on Human Resources.