ERIC Number: ED213251
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Culture and Constructs: Communicating Attitudes and Values in the Foreign Language Classroom.
Kramsch, Claire J.
Cross-cultural communication cannot be achieved if students are only presented with cultural facts. Instruction must involve the affective and cognitive processes of the learner in interpreting these facts. Before students can understand the attitudes and values of a foreign culture, they must be aware of their own attitudes and values in interpreting foreign events. The paper discusses the design of classroom exercises and activities to clarify the attitudes and values underlying cultural facts. The bridges for understanding other cultures do not exist at the level of one's personal constructs of those events. The teacher's task is to make these constructs apparent and observable to students without putting them on the defensive or reinforcing stereotypes. One method for accomplishing this is through the use of a repertory grid which shows how different people from different cultures construe the same events differently. Classroom exercises for establishing a common ground of shared experiences aim at construing the experiences of another person together with one's own. (JK)
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (Denver, CO, November 23-26, 1981).