ERIC Number: ED213074
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Aug
Reference Count: 0
A Values Based Objectives Planning System: Planning for Quality Education.
Burns, Mildred L.
The Values Based Objectives Planning System is a method of educational planning that will achieve quality education, according to the author, by expressing goals and objectives as values instead of as behaviors. The author first defines planning as the preparation in visual form of a conceptual model of a thing, operation, or event. She then discusses organizational planning, in which she includes analysis, planning, decision-making, and researching. She distinguishes planning from both decision-making and problem-solving but notes that planning and decision-making together constitute leadership. Her description of how to do Values Based Objectives (VBO) Planning covers the determination of a plan's scope, the characteristics of a good plan, and the five steps in VBO planning, including planning for success and evaluation, considering alternate means, planning for implementation and operation, and allocating resources. The author discusses the distinctions between goals and objectives and between values based objectives and behavioral objectives. Her three rules for writing values based objectives state that the objectives should express valued achievements or attitudes, not behaviors; should be qualitative, not quantitative; and should be expressed as results, not means or processes. (Author/RW)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers; Guides - General
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Conference of Professors of Educational Administration (35th, Seattle, WA, August 16-21, 1981).