ERIC Number: ED213003
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: 0
College Students' Self-Perceptions on Factors Which Have Influenced Their Reading Ability.
Nieratka, Ernest; Epstein, Ira
A pilot study was designed to develop an instrument to examine students' self-perceptions regarding their own reading. An open survey was conducted in which 300 college students in a compensatory reading program listed those factors which might influence a person's reading ability. In all, 163 responses were listed, and these were reduced to 10 general categories. Next, 200 of the students ranked the 10 categories according to their feelings about their own reading. It was hypothesized that the most encouraging findings would be the significant emergence of the variables over which students had some control, such as attitude, effort, material, distractions, and friends. Analyses of the data produced mixed results, however. Attitude, effort, schools, materials, and teachers ranked statistically higher than the factors of intelligence, family, distractions, friends, and physical problems. Although the internal factors of attitude and effort were the highest ranked, they were not significantly different from the external factors of schools, materials, and teachers. On the other hand, the clustering of the noncontrol variables in the top ranks, which would have suggested that the students felt they had little or no control over the factors that influenced their reading ability, did not occur. (RL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Reading Association (26th, New Orleans, LA, April 27-May 1, 1981).