ERIC Number: ED212930
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: 0
Counseling Approaches for Enhancing Self-Esteem of Minorities.
Singleton, Dorothy Kim
This monograph suggests various counseling techniques for enhancing the self-esteem of minorities. A frame of reference is presented for considering minority group self-esteem. Themes related to minority group perspectives and their existence in the writings of psychotherapists are reviewed. A section on cultural diversity discusses the family, religion, and value orientation as important factors in the counseling process. Theoretical orientations regarding love and choice as sources of power in human beings are described and the client's and counselor's humanness are emphasized, with implications for the counselor's behavior. Because counseling is perceived as an unfamiliar activity resembling a "forced friendship," the interview and techniques are considered within this context. The initial interview is discussed and issues such as seating arrangements, structuring, and names and titles of address are included. Suggestions for counseling improvement and guidelines for counselor behaviors are offered. (Author/NRB)
Descriptors: Counseling Techniques, Counselor Client Relationship, Counselor Performance, Cultural Differences, Family Life, Individual Power, Minority Groups, Perspective Taking, Psychotherapy, Self Esteem, Therapeutic Environment, Values
ERIC/CAPS, 2108 School of Education, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109. ($8.00).
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; Reports - General; Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Counseling and Personnel Services, Ann Arbor, MI.