ERIC Number: ED212906
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Career Plans of Men and Women in Gender Dominant Professions.
Shann, Mary H.
Sex differences in the career plans of 601 men and women completing graduate training in the male-dominated professions of business, law, and medicine and the female-dominated professions of education, nursing, and social work were studied. Content analysis was performed to determine the continuity, specificity, ambition, and accommodation of family responsibilities reflected in plans for 2-, 5-, 10-, and 20-year points. Chi square analyses showed clear patterns of sex differences in the feminine professions. For example, most women in education and social work expressed less ambitious plans for management careers and career success than their male colleagues. Except for child care, the plans of women in male-dominated groups were not significantly different from those of male colleagues. (Many women projected combining child care and careers at the five- and ten-year points, but no males mentioned this possibility.) It was suggested that more role models should be made visible to both men and women, rather than the stereotypically narrow choices now available. (Author/KC)
Descriptors: Career Development, Career Planning, Child Rearing, Females, Graduate Students, Higher Education, Males, Nontraditional Occupations, Occupational Aspiration, Promotion (Occupational), Role Conflict, Role Models, Role Perception, Sex Role, Student Attitudes, Vocational Interests, Work Attitudes
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New York, NY, March 1982).