ERIC Number: ED212753
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Feb
Reference Count: 0
A Review of Employer Forecasting Methods and Data. NOICC Administrative Report No. 4.
In part stimulated by the information needed by the Private Industry Councils (PICs) under the Comprehensive Employment and Training Amendments (1978), a growing number of groups and agencies have conducted surveys of local employers to gather various types of occupational data. Such activities may be useful and productive, if the data collection does not duplicate or interfere with existing occupational and related information development and implementation programs. Since several PICs have conducted or are considering a kind of survey that requires employers to forecast their employment needs by specific occupation, it is important that the problems associated with this kind of data collection be pointed out. During the 1950s and 1960s, such surveys were common; the two types in general use were the "Area Skill Survey," which required employers to provide relatively longrange forecasts of employment requirements by occupations and industries in an area, and the "Training Needs Survey," in which an effort was made to obtain current needs or short run forecasts for a few occupations. A study of the Area Skill Survey program was made through a review and summary of evaluations, papers, speeches, and opinions that were expressed concerning the Area Skill Surveys, their contents and methodologies, over a period of 20 years. The study concluded that the Area Skill Survey approach should be used with extreme caution--if not completely avoided. Arguments against using such methods include: (1) the findings and contents of such surveys may duplicate existing data such as those available from the Occupational Employment Statistics program; (2) the findings may be unreliable and unvalidated; and (3) the surveys are not cost effective. An alternative, better use of existing resources, such as the State Occupational Information Coordinating Committee agencies data, should be made. (KC)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Occupational Information Coordinating Committee (DOL/ETA), Washington, DC.