ERIC Number: ED212706
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: 0
School Racial Composition and Intergroup Hostility: The Control Threat in Desegregated Schools.
Longshore, Douglas Yale
The relationship between the black student percentage and white students' hostility toward blacks in desegregated schools was investigated through secondary analysis of data from a nationwide survey of desegregated elementary schools. Previous studies have indicated that whites are more hostile toward blacks in settings where the black percentage is higher. It is inferred from such studies that whites perceive the percentage of blacks as a threat to their control of desegregated settings. This study explored the viability of the control threat concept in the black percentage/white hostility relationship. The analysis concluded that: (1) a unique relationship can be found between the black percentage and white hostility, after five other contextual variables are partialed out. The relationship may be stronger in schools where the status threat imposed by blacks is stronger, where traditional racial norms are stronger, and where friendship networks are more likely to be racially separate; (2) the investigated relationship appears stronger in schools where white control, as indicated by other control relevant variables, is relatively weak; (3) these relationships are generally nonlinear and of the inverted U form, meaning that on the whole, white hostility appears to be highest in schools that are between 40 percent to 60 percent black. (Author/MJL)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles. No text exists for pages 126, 183, 294, or 314.