ERIC Number: ED212588
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: 0
Women and Men in the Schools: A History of the Sexual Structuring of Educational Employment.
Tyack, David B.; Strober, Myra H.
In examining the sexual structuring of employment in public education from 1840 to 1980, the following social phenomenon are discussed: (1) socially accepted attitudes on the role of women in the early part of the nineteenth century; (2) the structure of schooling and cultural emphasis upon the "natural" abilities of women to instruct young children; (3) the emergence of male teachers, the reasons they were attracted to teaching, and the reasons they tended to move from teaching to either school administration or other careers; (4) the gradual shift from rural to urban schooling and its impact upon the roles of men and women in the schools; (5) the rationale for paying men teachers more than women teachers; (6) the organization of the school systems and the resemblance of these systems to concurrently rising industrial structures; (7) the impact of the patriarchal society of mid-nineteenth century American thinking and the resulting assumption that women teachers would follow the lead of male supervisors; (8) the differences in life style and behavior patterns imposed by society upon men and women; (9) the impact of World War II on opportunities for both sexes; (10) how shifting cultural values have changed role patterns for both sexes; and (11) the rise of teacher organizations and unions and how they are changing the power structure in education. (JD)
Descriptors: Behavior Standards, Career Choice, Career Development, Educational Administration, Educational History, Elementary Secondary Education, Employment Opportunities, Females, Males, Power Structure, Public School Teachers, Rural Schools, Sex Differences, Social Behavior, Social Bias, Teacher Associations, Teacher Supply and Demand, Teaching (Occupation), Urban Schools
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Opinion Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A